What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer occurs when cells in the prostate glands grow uncontrollably. The prostate, a walnut-sized gland in the male body located below the bladder and in front of the rectum, produces and stores the fluid that makes semen.

What Causes Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men in the United States, aside from skin cancer. There is not a clear cause, but there are certain prostate cancer risk factors that can make you more likely to develop it in your lifetime, including:

● African American – African American men are almost twice as likely to develop the disease than Caucasian men.
● A family history of prostate cancer – Having a family member diagnosed with prostate cancer increases your risk.
● A family history of breast or ovarian cancer – If family members have a BRCA gene mutation, it could leave more at risk.
● Poor diet and obesity – Those that are obese and eat lots of high-fat foods may be at a higher risk for prostate cancer.
What Are The Symptoms of Prostate Cancer?
Unfortunately, prostate cancer often begins and grows without causing any noticeable symptoms because it is slow-growing. Some prostate cancers can be aggressive and spread to other areas outside of the prostate, causing different symptoms and complications. Early detection is critical for successful treatment and a good prognosis.

Some of the signs and symptoms to be on the lookout for when it comes to prostate cancer include:

● Difficulty urinating
● Blood in the urine
● Blood in the semen
● Erectile dysfunction
● Bone pain
● Loss of weight without trying

How Can I Prevent Prostate Cancer?

There is no sure way to ensure you never develop prostate cancer in your lifetime, but there are specific lifestyle changes you can make to help reduce your risk, such as:

● Maintain a healthy weight.
● Eat a nutrient-rich diet of healthy fruits, vegetables, lean meats, and whole grains.
● Exercise regularly throughout the week.
● Talk to your doctor about an increased risk of prostate cancer.
● Talk to your doctor about getting screened for prostate cancer.
● Talk to your doctor if you have any symptoms.

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